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Overtime by State

Are you more of a visual learner? Check out this Overtime Infographic, complete with A Map of Overtime Requirements by State.

Most employers and employees are familiar with the word “overtime” — but when it comes to payroll there are specific regulations that apply. As with minimum wage, it’s the employer’s responsibility to calculate and provide overtime when it’s due to employees. It also affects the payroll taxes that are calculated each time you run payroll.

What is overtime?

Overtime is the additional rate of pay that applies when an employee works more than 40 hours in a given workweek.

The national standard for the United States is determined by the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). As such, federal law defines overtime as any hours that are worked after the employee has already worked 40 hours in the specific workweek.

The rate of pay specified by the FLSA is time and a half, which is one and half times the employee’s regular rate of pay.

Which states have their own overtime laws?

Most states follow the FLSA guidelines, with the following exceptions:

  • Alaska, California and Nevada require overtime for any hours worked over 8 hours in a day.
  • In Colorado, overtime applies for any hours worked over 12 hours in a day.
  • In Kentucky, workers who work seven consecutive days in the same workweek, must be paid overtime on the 7th day.
  • In California, workers are eligible for double overtime after working 12 hours in a day.

Many states also have specific guidelines that apply to various industries and workers. In cases were both federal and state laws apply, employers should follow the requirements that benefit the employees the most.

What are the state overtime rules?

We’ve created a comprehensive table of overtime pay requirements and rules by state, and we’ve alphabetized it so you can easily find your state below. (The name of each state is also linked to the state’s department of labor for further information.)

State

Overtime Requirements

Additional Rules and Exceptions

 Alabama Federal overtime rules apply.  
 Alaska Daily overtime after 8 hours in a day. Weekly overtime after 40 hours in a week.

Exemptions apply for employers in the manufacturing and commerce industries.

 Arizona Federal overtime rules apply.

 Arkansas Weekly overtime after 40 hours in a week.

Exemptions apply depending on the number of employees.

 California Daily overtime after 8 hours in a day. Weekly overtime after 40 hours in a week. Double overtime is required after 12 hours in a workday, for all hours worked on the 7th consecutive day, and for more than 8 hours on the 7th day of a workweek.
 Colorado Daily overtime after 12 hours in a day. Weekly overtime after 40 hours in a week.

 Connecticut Weekly overtime after 40 hours in a week. Exemptions apply depending on the industry.
 Delaware Federal overtime rules apply.

 D.C. Weekly overtime after 40 hours in a week.

Exemptions may apply.

 Florida Federal overtime rules apply.

 Georgia Weekly overtime after 40 hours in a week.

 Hawaii Weekly overtime after 40 hours in a week. Exemptions may apply.
 Idaho Federal overtime rules apply.

Exemptions may apply.

 Illinois Weekly overtime after 40 hours in a week.

Employers with 4 or more employees must follow the overtime laws.

 Indiana Weekly overtime after 40 hours in a week.

Exemptions may apply.

 Iowa Federal overtime rules apply.

 Kansas Overtime pay is required after 46 hours of work in a workweek.

Employees and employers who are covered by the FLSA are not covered by this law.

 Kentucky Weekly overtime after 40 hours in a week.  
 Louisiana Federal overtime rules apply.

 Maine Weekly overtime after 40 hours in a week.

Exemptions may apply.

 Maryland Weekly overtime after 40 hours in a week.

Bowling alley employees and non-hospital employees who care for the sick, mentally disabled or elderly get overtime after 48 hours. Seasonal agricultural workers receive overtime after working over 60 hours in a week.

 Massachusetts Weekly overtime after 40 hours in a week.

Blue laws require time and half for certain retail and nonretail businesses on Sundays.

 Michigan Weekly overtime after 40 hours in a week.

Employers with 2 or more employees must follow the overtime laws. 

 Minnesota Overtime pay is required for hours worked over 48 in a week.

Employees and employers who are covered by the FLSA are not covered by this law.

 Mississippi Federal overtime rules apply.

 Missouri Weekly overtime after 40 hours in a week.

Employees working for seasonal recreation businesses can get overtime after 52 hours. Other exemptions may apply.

 Montana Weekly overtime after 40 hours in a week.

Employees working for seasonal recreation businesses can get overtime after 48 hours.

 Nebraska Weekly overtime after 40 hours in a week.

Employers with 4 or more employees must follow the overtime laws. 

 Nevada Daily overtime after 8 hours in a day. Weekly overtime after 40 hours in a week.

Exemptions may apply.

 New Hampshire Federal overtime rules apply.

 New Jersey Weekly overtime after 40 hours in a week.

Exemptions may apply.

 New Mexico Weekly overtime after 40 hours in a week.

Exemptions may apply.

 New York Weekly overtime after 40 hours in a week.

Residential employees can earn overtime after 44 hours of work.

 North Carolina Weekly overtime after 40 hours in a week.

Employees working for seasonal recreation businesses can earn overtime after 45 hours.

 North Dakota Weekly overtime after 40 hours in a week.

 Ohio Weekly overtime after 40 hours in a week.

Overtime applies to employers who gross at least $150,000 per year.

 Oklahoma Federal overtime rules apply.

Exemptions may apply.

 Oregon Weekly overtime after 40 hours in a week.

Exemptions may apply.

 Pennsylvania Weekly overtime after 40 hours in a week.

 Rhode Island Federal overtime rules apply.

Certain businesses must pay overtime on Sundays and during specified holidays.

 South Carolina Federal overtime rules apply.

 South Dakota Federal overtime rules apply.

 Tennessee Federal overtime rules apply.

 Texas Federal overtime rules apply.

 Utah Federal overtime rules apply.

 Vermont Weekly overtime after 40 hours in a week.

Employers with 2 or more employees must follow the overtime laws. 

 Virginia Federal overtime rules apply.

Employers with 4 or more employees must follow the overtime laws. 

 Washington Weekly overtime after 40 hours in a week.

 West Virginia Weekly overtime after 40 hours in a week.

Employers with 6 or more employees must follow the overtime laws. 

 Wisconsin Weekly overtime after 40 hours in a week.

Exemptions may apply depending on industry classification.

 Wyoming Federal overtime rules apply.

The information contained in the chart above was sourced and fact-checked on a number of websites, including state-specific government sites. Payroll rules change and include many exceptions and special circumstances when it comes to overtime requirements. Readers should consult with legal and human resource professionals or other regulatory governing bodies as required in their particular circumstances.